Did you know that you can make your own natural Easter egg dyes… with items you probably have right now in your kitchen?
Thousands of years ago, the ancient Chinese were already dyeing fabric. In fact, people from the past have used everything from ground insects to tea to make dyes. And you can do the same thing (but hopefully not from ground insects) if you like to dye eggs for Easter.
So what do think about creating your own natural dyes this Easter, instead of buying those pre-packaged egg-dye kits this year? You can get some science and history in at the same time, too. (And you know how I like to make a lesson out of everything.)
Experimenting with various vegetables and spices and turning out eggs that are one-of-a-kind is a great hands-on, multi-age project.
How to make your own natural Easter egg dyes
You probably have everything you need in your refrigerator and pantry already.
Here’s what you need:
The items we used are pictured above. (We had to go to the store to get red cabbage to get a bluer-blue, so add that one.) Here is a list of what we used this year and the color that each material yielded:
- yellow onion skins: dark red
- red onion skins: purplish-red
- coffee: light to dark brown
- tea: light tan/golden brown
- spinach: light green
- turmeric (spice): bright yellow
- red cabbage: bright blue
- raspberries: light pink
Gather items you can use to make dye, such as the ones above. Try some other spices, grass, flower petals and other items you might have outside – with one crucial caveat:
Check and make sure that nothing is poisonous, please!
You would not want to touch or have your children touch plant parts that are poisonous, and you certainly would not want to put anything poisonous in your cookware. If you do not have a thorough field guide to your local plant life, just stick to vegetables and spices.
You will need at least four small saucepans. (Smaller pans don’t require so much dye material.)
Depending upon how many eggs you would like to dye and how much material you have – I recommend at least 12-18 uncooked white eggs. It seems over the years that some eggs absorb dye better than others – I am not sure why that would be; does anyone know?
IMPORTANT NOTE: Authorities say eggs are not safe to eat if they have been out of the fridge more than two hours after cooking, so keep track of this unless you aren’t going to eat them.
- Chop (veggies/skins) or mash (berries) each item that needs it and put a cup or more in each saucepan with the egg(s). The typical four-burner stove allows four saucepans/dye colors to be done at one time.
- Measure about two cups of water – or just enough to cover the egg(s) – add one tablespoon of white vinegar for each cup of water. Stir it.
- Boil the eggs for 20 minutes and turn the heat off or remove pan from burner.
- Check the color of the eggs. Leave them in the water longer/add more dying material if you would like a deeper value.
- You can even leave the eggs in the water overnight if you refrigerate the pan with the water and the eggs. (Cool before putting in your fridge.)
Leaving three eggs in red cabbage/water overnight (in the fridge) resulted in the gorgeous blue pictured below!
Another method is to use the procedure above but without cooking the eggs until you have boiled the material for an hour and strained it.
Once the dyeing material has been boiled and removed by straining, use the water to boil the raw eggs for 20 minutes. This probably results in a more solid, uniform color, rather than the “textural” look of our eggs.
I have never tried this. Perhaps I was too impatient to boil it for an hour.
While You are Waiting
While you are waiting for the eggs to cook/dye to take, you might read and talk about the history of dye creation. Here are a couple of links to get you* started:
General historical info about dye (Science/history)
Dying silk (Science/history)
The famous “Silk Road” trading route (History/geography)
When you are done cooking the eggs and you are happy with the color, remove them from the dye water, gently pat dry and refrigerate. The egg carton they came in is a perfect place to keep them. When they have cooled, shine them up with a little vegetable oil to bring out the color.
What About You?
Have you ever dyed your eggs using natural dyes? How did they turn out? Do you have any dyeing material that you particularly like? If you haven’t done this yet, try it!
P.S. Do your kids love hands-on projects? There are links to more here.